According to dentists, around 85 percent of people experience bad breath.

Treatment and Prevention

Dental disease is a global issue. Nearly every person in the world has some form of oral health concerns, with only 26% having perfect teeth and gums.


Periodontal disease can be the result of a number of factors such as the accumulation of plaque and calculus, poor dental habits, genetics and aging. A variety of methods are used to diagnose periodontal disease including clinical examination, radiographs, probing depths, bleeding on probing and radiographic evidence. Treatment usually consists of professional scaling and root planing (scaling and root planing) associated with therapeutic mouth rinses or other medications that are designed to eliminate the infection.

Dentist showing gray implant model to patient
Woman dentist working at her patients teeth.

tooth decay

The most common form of tooth decay is dental caries or cavities. “Caries” is a Latin word meaning “rottenness”.

dental caries

1 It is estimated that roughly 675 million people in the world suffer from dental caries, and another 2.2 billion have untreated cavities.1

Peridontal Disease

Teenage girl is at the dentist. She sits in the dentist's chair and the dentist sets braces on her teeth.


Periodontal disease is an inflammation of tissues around the teeth or gums, or both. It can manifest as a localized thickening of the tooth’s gums that prevents chewing food and causes pain when chewing and speaking. It may also affect other areas of the mouth including the tongue, cheeks, and lip areas. In addition to causing pain it may cause decreased salivation, bleeding when cleaning teeth and bleeding after brushing teeth with hard toothbrushes. Periodontal disease may also result in tooth loss, loosened teeth and gum recession.


The word comes from the Greek word "kerasia", which means decay. Nearly every person in the world has some form of oral health concerns, with only 26% having perfect teeth and gums.
Oral cancer is the second most common cancer affecting men and women in the United States. Oral diseases not only affect the mouth and dental system but they also can cause systemic complications.
Of these oro-oral cancers, the majority (approximately 58%) are squamous cell carcinoma and 9% are basal cell carcinoma. A significant number of common oral surgeries such as wisdom tooth extractions can be accomplished.

 Chronic HPV infection is a leading cause of oral cancer and can be causing an increased incidence of non-melanoma skin cancers. Dental disease is a global issue. 


Oral medications include antacids, antidiarrheals, antibiotics, antifungals, antihistamines and antiobesity drugs. Approximately 60% of the time side effects are not reported by patients. Dental disease is a global issue. 


Oral surgery is any surgical procedure performed on the oral mucosa, or tissue covering and supporting the teeth, gums and lips. Furthermore, poor oral health increases the risk of various systemic conditions such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes mellitus and pneumonia.

Oral Medications


The most common procedures in this category include clear and ameloblasty, dentures, gum surgery and orthooblasia surgery. Dental disease can impact a person’s overall health and well being, as well as their social lives and ability to work. 


Certain surgical techniques can result in movement of teeth, increased sensitivity to cold or pressure, bleeding on probing and tissue loss with no obvious reason. Untreated dental disease can result in tooth loss, gum recession and make it uncomfortable or painful to eat or speak. 

The purpose of this essay is to educate about the different aspects of some common diseases that affect the mouth and how to treat them.